Self placement and placement of parties on further European unification

 

Mean placement on scale

 

Notes:

  • Scale for Self: “European unification has already gone too far” to “European unification should be pushed further”
  • Scale for parties: “Ireland should do all it can to protect our independence from the European Union” to “Ireland should do all it can to unite fully with the European Union”

Source: 2002 Irish National Election Study

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